Central And Mixed Apnea
This sleeping disorder is most likelyto occur in infants, and is when the brain does not maintain the breathingprocess properly. Premature babies are most susceptible to central apneaas the brain still needs to develop sufficiently. Mixed apnea is a combinationof central and obstructive apnea and is common in infants and youngchildren. Children who suffer from mixed apnea normally have the symptomof abnormal breathing.
Irregular Breathing In Newborns
Newborns will often begin breathing faster for a few seconds and then slow down their breathing, especially when sleeping. This type of irregular breathing is normal and does not require treatment. If irregular breathing persists past the age of 6 months, call your pediatrician to ensure your childs breathing is healthy. If your infant displays any of the symptoms listed below, immediately seek emergency care.
What Are The Signs Of Breathing Problems In A Baby
A deviation from the usual breathing pattern could indicate a breathing problem. Here are the signs you should check for to know if the baby has problem breathing :
- Rapid breathing: Rapid breathing of more than 60 breaths per minute. A baby may breathe rapidly when excited or crying, but not when sleeping or calm. If the baby always breathes rapidly, check for symptoms of illness such as fever, fussiness, and colic.
- Irregular breathing with extended pause: If the baby pauses more than ten seconds, then it is a cause for concern. If the break goes beyond 20 seconds, then it could be a sign of apnea, which is obstructed breathing due to constricted airways.
- Breath-holding attacks: These are common and can occur when the baby is crying. While crying, the baby may suddenly hold the breath for a few seconds. When the baby does this, the mother may give a few light thumbs at the back. This recovers the breath even if the crying continues. Rarely, it can cause cyanosis, a harmless condition. If the baby tends to hold their breath often, consult a doctor to confirm that it is a breath-holding attack and nothing pathological.
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Sleep Apnea Signs In Children
Please verify ALL the symptoms below. If your child sleepsrather well and doesn’t wake you at night, you may only notice thedaytime signs – which are so often also normal in healthy children!
- Being moody regularly or most of the time
- Being very or overly active
- Mouth breathing
- Noisy breathing while awake
- Behavioral problems like anxiety, easilyfrustrated, attention and concentration problems, being aggressive,being emotionally unstable.
Sleepapnea in children is serious so do not hesitate todiscuss any of these symptoms with your physician.
What To Do If Baby Has Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea generally presents in the first few days of life, usually within a week. Although sleep apnea has not be identified as a cause of SIDS, it can be serious and even life-threatening.
If it seems like your baby has stopped breathing while sleeping, try touching him/her to see if he/she responds. If there is no response, then your little one may be experiencing sleep apnea, and youll need to respond immediately. According to BabySlumber.com, you should begin infant CPR while another person calls 911. If you are by yourself, then perform infant CPR for two minutes, then call for help. Continue CPR until the paramedics arrive.
As always, if you are concerned about your babys breathing, call a healthcare provider immediately.
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What Causes Heavy Breathing While Sleeping
All the conditions that are in play for heavy breathing during the morning also cause the condition at night. Anything from a stuffy nose to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can lead to this.
As a condition, heavy breathing isnt a major health hurdle but is signaling some other underlying health condition or indicating some other future health problem that may soon set in.
As said above the most common cause of this condition is obstructive sleep apnea. In this state, the throat muscles relax and block the opening to the airways. This obstruction frequently obstructs breathing all through the night.
Some Other Causes Include
- Nasal congestion from respiratory infection or cold
When To Call Your Healthcare Provider
Always call the healthcare provider if you have any questions. In infants, minor symptoms can worsen very quickly. Also, call your child’s healthcare provider right away for any of these:
Pauses in breathing that last more than 15 seconds
Pauses in breathing that happen very often
Baby stops breathing and becomes limp, pale, or blue around the mouth
Baby’s skin is a bluish color during periods of normal breathing
Baby vomits repeatedly or is not eating well
Baby is not responding normally
Fever of 100.4°F or higher, or as directed by your child’s healthcare provider
Baby breathes very fast
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How Is Labored Breathing Diagnosed In Toddlers
Once youre in the exam room, the ER doctor will likely put your child on a monitor to check his oxygen levels and heart rate, and he may be given oxygen if his levels are too low. Oxygen levels are checked with a pulse oximeter, a device that attaches to your tots finger, toe or earlobe.
The doctor will do a physical exam. He or she will ask you questions about your childs medical history, symptoms and events that led up to the trouble breathing to figure out the cause of the labored breathing. The doctor may also ask about family medical history, travel or other details. Tests and X-rays may also be done to get a proper diagnosis.
What Might Breathing Problems Mean In A Newborn
Babies breathe much faster than older children and adults. A newborn’s normal breathing rate is about 40 to 60 times per minute. This may slow to 30 to 40 times per minute when the baby is sleeping. A babys breathing pattern may also be different. A baby may breathe fast several times, then have a brief rest for less than 10 seconds, then breathe again. This is often called periodic breathing and is normal. Babies normally use their diaphragm, the large muscle below the lungs, for breathing.
Changes in a baby’s breathing rate or pattern, using other muscles and parts of the chest to breathe, or changes in color may mean the baby is having respiratory distress and needs immediate medical attention.
Signs of respiratory problems may include the following:
For any sign of respiratory problems, consult your baby’s healthcare provider immediately.
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When To Worry About Baby Breathing Patterns
If baby is otherwise well, you probably dont have to worry about your newborns respiratory rate too much, says Hollier.
In general, if your newborn is less than two months of age, look for red flags like a respiratory rate that is faster than 60 breaths per minute.
These are indications that your baby may be having respiratory distress:
- babys breathing seems unusually fast for prolonged periods of time
- baby is working hard to breathe including his or her nose flaring, seeing the muscles between the ribs contract more than typical
- baby is grunting at the end of each breath
- baby is limp, pale, or blue
- baby is having coughing fits
- baby is wheezing, which could indicate bronchiolitis or asthma
- baby has a fever of over 100.4 rectally
- baby isnt eating or sleeping as a result of labored breathing
If you are ever worried about your babys breathing or notice any of the above signs of respiratory difficulty, call your pediatrician immediately for further advice.
Your Babys Breathing Is Usually Normal
Those first few weeks with baby can be scary. Its natural to analyze every move and every sound baby makesafter all, you just want him/her to be healthy. But the good news is that most of the time those funny noises babys making are totally normal. Babies breathe faster than adults do and its unusual for healthy, full-term babies to have breathing problems. Try to relax and have faithand keep baby close those extra snuggles will do you both good.
As always, if you have any concerns about your babys breathing, call your pediatrician immediately.
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If Your Child Is Breathing Fast
If you have a baby or toddler, call 911 if:
- They’re less than 1 year old and takes more than 60 breaths a minute.
- They’re 1 to 5 years old and takes more than 40 breaths per minute.
If your child is older than that, call the doctor if they get winded more than usual after exercise, or even ordinary activities. If their quick breathing keeps coming back, thatâs another reason to check with your doctor.
Rapid breathing can be a symptom of several things. Some of the most common are:
Bronchiolitis: This lung infection affects children under 2 years old. They generally get it in winter or early spring. It makes the airways inside their lungs get more narrow. That makes it hard for them to breathe. Other symptoms may include:
- Loss of appetite
It usually comes on during the winter or early spring, and the first symptoms look like a cold. Then, RSV spreads into the lungs, where it can lead to things like bronchiolitis and pneumonia.
Asthma: Kids who have this usually show the first signs of it by the time theyâre 5 years old. Besides fast breathing, symptoms can include coughing or wheezing.
Pneumonia: This may come after your child has a cold or flu. It can be from a virus or bacteria.
Other symptoms include:
Kids who are 2 or younger are more vulnerable. They should go to a doctor if they show symptoms.
Causes Of Fast Breathing During Sleep
Mouth breathing during sleep
This is the most destructive sleep factor. Nasal breathing is crucial for ones health during sleep and at all other times. It was considered before and is easy to check. Is your mouth dry when you wake up? If it so, consider using a simple mouth taping technique .
For many modern mouth breathers, the night mouth taping technique will immediately reduce their problems with after-sleep headaches, weight gain, acne, sleep talking and sleep paralysis.
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Sleeping on ones back makes breathing heavier
Among body positions, sleeping on ones back is worst for all tested conditions, as 24 medical studies suggest . Some people experience sleep paralysis and sleep talking only in the supine posture. Research conducted in the Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo found that, indeed, A greater number of individuals reported SP in the supine position than all other positions combined. The supine posture was also 3-4 times more common during SP than when normally falling asleep . Kompanje also observed that that sleep paralysis and hypnagogic experiences occur more often in supine position of the body.
Childrens ventilation is minimum when they are sleeping on their tummies . Swaddled infants should sleep on their backs.
Presence of disease and existing damage in the body
Talking about sleep effects during his Lecture in the Moscow State University, Dr. Buteyko noticed,
Here is the link:
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Should I Buy A Breathing Monitor
It is perfectly understandable to beconcerned and worried about your babys breathing when they are asleep however, the risk of something happening to them is very low and mostdoctors advise parents not to buy breathing monitors if your baby ishealthy and developing well. Surveys conducted amongst doctors and paediatricianshave found that the vast majority of professionals feel that baby breathingmonitors can cause heightened anxiety and do not reduce the risk ofcot death. In some cases, breathing monitors may also cause false alarms,which can panic parents and make them feel very uneasy.
In some cases, baby breathing monitorsmay be given to premature babies but babies that are fit and healthydo not need a breathing monitor, according to health professionals.Parents who have lost a baby to cot death in the past may also be offereda baby breathing monitor however, doctors say it is important thatpeople realise that using a monitor will not help to prevent cot death.
Warning Signs And Symptoms
- Turns blue all over or in areas that typically get a lot of blood flow like the lips, tongue, and the vagina. Even though bluing of the hands and feet can be fairly common due to an infant’s immature circulatory system, if other areas are turning blue, it’s time to get immediate attention.
- Has a significantly increased breathing rate, which is more than 60 breaths per minute
- Struggles to breathe, which can be spotted by the nostrils persistently flaring and the chest retracting unusually
- Is feeding poorly or has no interest in eating
- Is lethargic or excessively sleepy
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Things To Be Mindful About When Deciphering An Infants Sleep Patterns
- Fast breathing isnât a problem unless it seems abnormal Premature babies have underdeveloped lungs at times because of which they have a problem in breathing
- Infants delivered through cesarean are at a higher risk of developing breathing issues
- The newbornâs paediatrician can help in managing and monitoring these breathing patterns patterns
Baby Might Be Developing Allergies
Allergens are all around us. What makes one person have a reaction can be completely different than what makes her neighbor have allergies. Babies yet again are just like adults in that they too can be born with, and develop allergies to certain allergens. Allergies, especially severe allergies can cause rapid breathing in an infant, and that should be of concern to the caregiver.
The first step of seeing if the baby may have allergies is to take them to the pediatrician and make sure the baby is not suffering from anything else that may cause rapid breathing. If the pediatrician gives the child a clean bill of health, the parents should try to clean the house really well including the duct work since those often hide many allergens. If a deep cleaning of the house does not improve the childs symptoms it may be time to get the child tested for allergies.
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How To Stop Heavy Breathing While Sleeping
Before actually hitting a clinic there are some home remedies and exercises you can try first.
- Sleep in a relaxed position
- Diaphragmatic breathing is another way to treat this
- Drink coffee in moderation caffeine is known to relax muscles
- Quit smoking and avoid exposure to allergens
- Stay in a cool atmosphere
- Follow pursed-lip breathing
Baby Can Have Wet Lungs
TTN is transient tachypnea of the newborn which is fluid in the lungs and is also often referred to as wet lungs. This condition is generally caused by the fluid the baby inhaled in the uterus not being cleared during birth. Transient tachypnea of the newborn is much more prevalent in babies born via C-section. It is believed that the baby does not get to clear the lungs as efficiently as when being pushed through the birth canal versus being born via C-section.
While transient tachypnea of the newborn is obviously a very scary condition that can cause serious concern for a newborn’s health, it is also something that most hospitals are equipped to deal with. Rapid breathing is a sign of transient tachypnea in the newborn – it is just a symptom of the condition. The condition itself can usually be cured with proper medical attention and without future health complications. Yet another reason to make sure medical professionals are easily accessible when giving birth.
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When To Go To The Er If Your Child Has Asthma
When your child is diagnosed with asthma, work with your child’s physician to create a plan that lists specific symptoms to trigger a call to your doctor or a trip to the ER. These should be early warning signs of a flare up and may include:
- inability to stand or sit still
- restless sleep
- coughing not due to cold or persistent cough
- unusual fatigue
Baby Is Grunting: Is It Normal
Newborn grunting sounds are generally related to their digestion. Your child is getting familiar with formula or breast milk. They may have gas in their belly, causing discomfort. A newborn grunting usually means they are moving gas and stool through their digestive system.
Due to their weak abdominal muscles, they apply downward pressure using their diaphragm, which pushes against the baby’s closed glottis and results in a grunting noise. Your baby’s face may become red or purple in the process this is completely normal.
However, a baby grunting with every breath isn’t normal and may indicate respiratory distress. A baby grunting with every breath may indicate serious conditions including:
- Nasal flaring
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Whats Normal Whats Not
The following are common sounds and their potential causes:
- Whistling noises can result from a blockage in the nostrils. After suctioning, the sound disappears. Talk with Dr. Leung about how to gently and effectively suction mucus.
- Hoarse cry or barking coughing this noise can result from a blocked windpipe but can also be the result of mucus or croup. Croup is typically worse at night.
- Stridor noise this is a constant, high-pitched sound that indicates an airway obstruction. It is occasionally caused by laryngomalacia.
- Deep coughing this can be caused by a blockage in large bronchi. Dr. Leung will need to listen with a stethoscope to confirm there is a blockage.
- Wheezing noises these can be an indication of blockage or narrowing of the lower airways. The blockage or narrowing could be caused by asthma, pneumonia, or respiratory syncytial virus. Fast breathing can also be caused by fever or infections and should be evaluated right away. There may be fluid in the airways from an infection.
- Snoring can be a result of mucus in the nostrils. Rarely, it can be an indication of an issue such as sleep apnea or enlarged tonsils.
- Grunting noises an abrupt, low-pitched noise on an exhale can indicate a serious issue with one or both lungs or a severe infection. Call our office immediately if your baby is sick and grunting while breathing.